There would be violence, to be sure, but the precise nature of that violence was left undefined. A half-century later, Vladimir Lenin would fill in the details.
Persuaded as he was by Marx and his writings, Lenin believed that he was called to advance history. Rather than wait for the predicted uprising of enlightened factory workers, Lenin and his Bolsheviks took advantage of both world war and domestic unrest and violently seized control in Russia, occupying public buildings and capturing the Winter Palace, seat of the liberal Provisional Government in the capital of Petrograd. With his vanguard leading the communist revolution, Lenin fomented civil war and established a totalitarian regime of brutal, one-party rule. In doing so, he laid out the Marxist-Leninist blueprint for over a century of violence, oppression, and death that continues to this day.
In Section 2, Fathers of Communism, students will explore the ideology that Marx and Engels developed and that Vladimir Lenin embraced and put into practice. They will investigate the impact of Karl Marx and The Communist Manifesto on Lenin’s thought and analyze the Marxist-Leninist communism that put its deadly stamp on the Soviet Union and the world.