A History of Repression, Violence, and Victims

A curricular resource of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation, VOC’s curriculum offers a comprehensive course on communism, and the chapters can be used as needed for specific lessons on important topics, theories, and events throughout communism’s history.

Explore the Curriculum

The latest online curriculum from VOC, Communism: A History of Repression, Violence, and Victims, offers a new approach and a robust foundation in communism’s brutal past and enduring legacy. The updated version of the curriculum expands to cover virtually every nation that has experienced in some way the scourge of communism.


Learn the terms, ideologies, events, and people of Communism.

Tools of

Explore how the ideology is maintained by violence and information control.

Communism and Religion

From Marx’s Manifesto till today, communist regimes have sought to destroy God and religion.

Introduction to Communism

What is Communism, how is it implemented and maintained, and what are its effects on religion?

The fathers of Communism

Learn about the lives, the human toll of their ideology, and the global influence of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin.

Stalin and the Building of Socialism

Examine Joseph Stalin’s rise to power, his brutal rule, and the legacy of the Soviet Union.

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